Thyroid is a gland located towards the front part of the neck, just below the thyroid cartilage. Thyroid in fact is the largest endocrine gland in human body. It produces two types of hormones: thyroxin (T4) and triodothyronine (T3). These hormones help in the body's metabolism. The part called Hypothalamus in human brain produces the TRH or thyrotropin-releasing hormone. The TRH reaches the Pituitary gland, also situated in the brain. Under the impact of TRH, the pituitary gland then starts releasing TSH or thyroid stimulating hormones.
The TSH then reaches the thyroid gland, stimulating it to produce T4 and T3. A certain quantity of Iodine in diet also regulates the production of T4 and T3. The pituitary gland therefore regulates the production of hormones by thyroid gland. When the thyroid glands release too much hormones in to the blood, automatically TSH production by pituitary glands is reduced in order to lessen the production of T3 and T4 by the thyroid gland. However at times, some defect may occur in the system of regulation, leading to problems like Hyperthyroidism or Grave's disease (over production of thyroid hormones) and Hypothyroidism (low production of thyroid hormones).
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism -
1. Loss of body weight
2. Muscle weakness
3. Too much sweating in small work
4. Protruding eyes
5. Insomnia - sleeping problems
7. Joint aches
9. Frequent bowel movements
10. Irregular Menstrual cycles
11. Panting and Breathing trouble
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism -
1. Weight gain
2. Hair loss
4. Difficulty in cold seasons
5. Numbness of upper limbs
7. Hoarse voice
9. Dry skin
10. Puffiness around eyes
These days, apart from the conventional medications, effective natural remedies are being used to tackle the disease.
1. Black walnut is rich in iodine, and is the best natural remedy for thyroid problems.
2. Irish moss strengthens thyroid functioning.
3. Bladderwrack has high iodine contents, and is very good for thyroid functioning.
4. Kelp sea weed is rich in iodine, and can help the gland to function properly.
5. Primrose oil is a useful natural remedy for thyroid malfunctioning.
6. Vitamin B Complex induces oxygenation in the cells, and energizes thyroid functioning.
7. Black cohosh improves thyroid functions.
8. Intake of food rich in iodine and Vitamin A can help.
9. Sea weeds can help a lot in gland care.
10. Zinc, calcium, copper, magnesium, silicon are thyroid stimulants.
11. Coconut oil can combat hypothyroidism.
12. Drinking a lot of hot ginger tea can help.